2016 ETHIOPIAN DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEY - KEY FP RESULTS
Contraceptive prevalence increased from 29% in 2011 to 35% in 2016. In real terms, this means roughly 2 million more women were using contraceptives in 2016.
Also in 2016, only 21% of married women expressed an unmet need for contraception, down from 25% in 2011.
The growth in long-acting contraceptives was noteworthy. The use of IUDs increased from 0.3% of married women in 2011 to 2.0% in 2016. Similarly, the use of implant contraceptives increased from 3.4% in 2011 to 7.9% in 2016. Implants are now easily the second leading contraceptive method behind injectables. Given that an IUD costs $0.58 compared to $7.00 - $8.00 for hormonal methods, a growing IUD user base is welcome.
Oromiya had the highest percentage of unmet need at 29% followed by Gambella at 23%. Unmet need continues to skew towards older, rural, and less educated women.
There was a notable (10 percentage points) decrease in unmet need among women 15 - 19 years of age from 2011 to 2016, possibly because women at these ages are now staying in school and/or delaying marriage.
The EDHS is a collaboration of the Central Statistical Agency and ICF, a US-based consulting agency. The survey is conducted every five years and includes interviews with tens of thousands of households and individuals across Ethiopia.
Download the full EDHS here.