Hemorrhage, hypertension in pregnancy, abortion, and sepsis continue to be the leading causes of maternal death in Ethiopia, which can only be averted through skilled institutional care and universal access to safe and equitable services for abortion and prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). A number of studies show improvement in maternal indicators since the 2005 expansion of Ethiopia’s abortion law .
Article 551 of the Penal Code of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia allows for termination of pregnancy where:
- Pregnancy is a result of rape or incest
- Continuation of the pregnancy endangers the life of the mother or the child or the health of the mother or where the birth of the child is a risk to the life or health of the mother
- Fetus has an incurable and serious deformity
- Pregnant woman, owing to a physical or mental deficiency she suffers from or her minority is physically as well as mentally unfit to bring up the child
- Pregnant women at risk of PPH
DKT increases access to safe abortion products, including medical abortion (MA) kits, manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) kits and misoprostol tablets for the prevention of PPH. DKT also develops informational materials about safe abortion and prevention of PPH as well as training thousands of service providers on MA and comprehensive abortion care.